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They Came Before Columbus by Ivan Van Sertima

They Came Before Columbus by Ivan Van Sertima : Book Review History , as taught in the Western and Western-dominated world , provides a thesis , that America has been definitely discovered by Europeans , and the first people to reach it since the ancestries of Indians settled there were Spanish under Columbus in 1492 , or at least Vikings about 1000 A .D . This paradigm dominates in science and public opinion ever since . Evidence about expeditions of ancient Egyptians to America remains unproved and belongs more to historical myths .In his “They Came Before Columbus , Professor Ivan Van Sertima of Rutgers University stated an impressive thesis to challenge one of the most persistent of these historical beliefs . His main idea is simple ,but it may seem mad , because he asserts , that they were African peoples ,who first reached America . Moreover , they established standing relations and trade roots with the local inhabitants . The style of the book is very engaging , almost novel-like – this makes a very good reading . The essence of the book may be summarized in a quotation from Sertima ‘s book : “It would be an irony , indeed , to find that Americans `discovered ‘ Europe many centuries before Europeans `discovered` America . But the whole notion of any race (European , African or American ) discovering a full-blown civilization is absurd . They presume some innate superiority in the `discoverer ‘ and something inferior and barbaric in the people `discovered . What I have sought to prove is not that Africans `discovered ‘ America , but that they made contact on at least half a dozen occasions , two of which were culturally significant for Americans ‘Examining navigation and shipbuilding cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans the transportation of plants , animals , and textiles between the continents and the diaries , journals , and oral accounts of the explorers themselves , Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus . Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist ‘s gift for storytelling , Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history : the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats ,the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311 , and many others .The first evidence of a black presence in the America , quoted by the author , was given to Columbus by the Indians themselves . “The Indians of this Espanola said there had come to Espanola a black people who have the tops of their spears made of a metal which they called gua-nin , of which he [Columbus] had sent samples to the Sovereigns to have them assayed , when it was found that of 32 parts , 18 were of gold , 6 of silver and 8 of copper .Avn Sertima studies the origin “guanine ‘ may which he tracks down in the Mande languages of West Africa , through Mandigo , Kabunga , Toronka ,Kankanka , Banbara , Mande and Vei . In Vei , there is a form of the word ka-ni which , transliterated into native phonetics , would give us gua-nin . This…

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