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Compare and Contrast Virtue Ethics, Utilitarianism, and Kants Deontological System

Name :University :Course :Tutor :Date :Introduction Teological and deontological theories are called deontic or action-based theories as their focus is on the actions that are performed by individuals . The theories focus on the action to be chosen by an individual . Virtue based theories focuses on how to help people develop good character traits , and put less emphasis on which rules the individual should follow . These character traits are hence forth supposed to help a person make correct decisions in future life . Most of the ethical theories start their focus on what is viewed as being bad or good , right or wrong . The theories look at the inherent of the action and its consequences . This part of the theories is hard to deal with , since one has to look at the philosophical line of the “end justifies the means ‘ or the `means justifies the end (Thirox Krasemann 2006 , pp 11 . But it is difficult to classify some actions depending on the consequences . For instance , an action might turn out to have negative consequences , but since the actor had good intentions ,then it is not good to hold him /her accountable for the actions , i .e .deontological ethical system . In this case , it doesn ‘t matter the consequences of the action , but rather what matters is the principles of the actions .An individual can act without considering the means , so long as it contributes to happiness or pleasure , then , it is worth the course .This argument leads to what is known as utilitarianism theory . In this case , so long as an action contributes to adding utility to an individual , then it is a good action to be taken . Before first taking an action , one has to consider the consequences of the action , i .e . the action that will cause the attainment of more happiness should be taken (Act-utilitarianism . However in some cases , the action has got some rules that should be followed . Therefore , the actor is supposed to look at the outcome if the rules are followed to the latter (i .e . rule utilitarianism . If a certain rule produces more happiness when followed , then it should be followed .Ethical practices In utilitarianism terminology , an action does not necessarily have to be performed since it is not right , nor does it have to be neglected since it is wrong . Therefore , a right action means that the action ought to be performed . The agent of an action has to consider the action that generally benefits the whole welfare so as to be performed . If the agent is aware of such an action and does not perform it , then it becomes that he /she has acted unethical . Hence according to utilitarianism , we ought to maximize the Maximization of the welfare has caused some disagreement among the utilitarianisms .According to the hedonistic utilitarianism we ought to maximize the well-being or happiness . In their argument , the hedonists feel that at any given time , there is a certain level of well-being . This in essence means that the well-being…

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