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virtue ethics and capital punishment

0 [Author] [Author] [Instructor] [Course Code] [Date] Virtue ethics and capital punishment Capital punishment /death penalty involves execution of a (convicted )criminal through death sentence . It is implemented as a punishment in capital crimes which includes murder , rape , adultery , drug trafficking ,and corruption . Countries employing capital punishment classifies death penalty depending on the virtue ethics present in the specific country .For example , some countries reserved death penalty for murder and treason while other countries direct death penalty for sexual crimes (rape , human and drug trafficking . Some of the European and Asian countries employ capital punishment , specifically in democratic countries (United States of America , Guatemala and Zambia . In some cultures , punishment through death sentencing is an insult to their culture . Supporters of capital punishment argue about resolving crimes and prevent recidivism while the opponents argue about violations of human rights and discriminates minorities . In 2006 , China (1 010 , Iran (177 , Pakistan (82 , Iraq (65 , Sudan (65 ) and United States (56 ) carried out most number of the criminals executed . In most of the countries employing capital punishment , most are developed nations that retained capital punishment . Even after death penalty has been suspended , these countries still resume in executing criminals . Virtue ethics emphasizes the moral character as against to consequentialism (emphasize the consequence of actions . Capital punishment in reference to virtue ethics imply unconstructive to our moral values . However , different societies view capital punishment in accordance to their moral rule while others view capital punishment not as an option in a committed crime . The society directs to what its system will employ punishments (of a crime ) in accordance to their (virtue ) ethics . This is affected by several factors present in the society including kind of government (i .e . republic , socialist , communist , etc , religion (Roman Catholic ,Protestant , Mormons , Muslims , etc ) and the society itself . For the last decades , people around the world employed death penalty as a solution in minimizing crimes . However , many countries already abolished capital punishment including Philippines . Among the retentionist countries , implement death penalty on juveniles (e .g . Iran executed 4 child criminals in 2006 . In China , inmates were executed by firing squad . In the Philippines , criminals were executed through lethal injection (before capital punishment had been abolished in 2006 . The practice of death penalty had been accepted in developing and authoritarian countries . In Asia , the death penalty is widely supported by the public (in retentionist countries ) while the European community restricts practicing death penalty . Abolition and /or retention of capital punishment in democratic countries are supported by the public . In such cases (some abolitionist countries ) the public supported capital punishment . In Europe , most countries abolished death penalty as an entry condition in European Union . In United States , some states abolished capital punishment (Michigan in 1846 . The states in U .S . do employ independent charges for death penalty . Debates have been continuously occurring regarding capital punishment ,whether it is right to implement or not . In consideration to the ethical perspective , death penalty was often abolished . In a particular case which involves…

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