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The Greek Rationalist and the Judeo-Christian Views of a Just, Law-Abiding Society

Running head : ESTABLISING A JUST SOCIETY Establishing a Just Society : Glaucon vs . Jesus your name your school Establishing a Just Society : Glaucon vs . Jesus How do we determine the kind of legal system that is best able to provide justice to all members ? Based on readings from Matthew (80 A .D /2003 ) and Plato (360 , B .D /2003 , this paper addresses questions required to answer the question . What is human nature and what is justice ? For example , if the human brain is predisposed at birth to being kind , generous , etc , few legal restraints would be needed . On the other hand , if our brains are predisposed towards being selfish ,aggressive , etc , without strict legal restraints , life would be one of constant danger . Similarly , if justice is used to mean the equal treatment of all members of society , there would be different laws than if justice were used to mean protecting weaker members of society from exploitation by stronger members .Human Nature and Justice According to Glaucon (Plato , 360 B .C /2003 ) Glaucon ‘s view is reminiscent of the “id ‘ a Freudian term that has become a part of our language . Infant human nature is essentially that “I want whatever I want and I want it now ‘ As infants grow up , they enjoy experiences when they ‘re able to do to or take from others whatever they please and based on Glaucon ‘s view of human nature , they would continue doing so if they could . However , they also have painful experiences , where others do the same things to them . Since the painful experiences feel worse than the enjoyable ones feel pleasant , people agree to cooperate in the form of obeying enforceable laws that prevent stealing from or causing harm to others (p . 314 .However , Glaucon must also believe that some people come to internalize these laws so they believe they reflect their own preferences (what else can he mean in distinguishing between those who are “just ‘ vs .“unjust ‘ p . 324 . Empirically , most people probably do think of themselves as generally respecting the law , although those at higher levels of moral development also recognize there are circumstances that warrant breaking a law (for example , when Rosa Parks refused to move from the section of the bus that by law was reserved for white people .The problem , however , is finding people who think of themselves as Glaucon describes the “unjust ‘ We know that people won ‘t admit to others that if they knew they wouldn ‘t be caught , they ‘d rob the poor ,rape , ravage , or kill those who annoy them . But what do most people admit to themselves ? Incidences such as money being stolen from a jar intended for donations to help pay for a child ‘s surgery suggest there are people who really do think of themselves as Glaucon proposed ,although we don ‘t really know what kinds of excuses these people may be making for themselves .Human Nature and Justice According to Christ (Matthew , 80 A .D /2003 ) Compared to Glaucon…

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